As people began to realize the effectiveness of transferring data across what is now known as the internet, multiple operating systems began to develop so that all industries, and eventually the public, could exchange data using computers. If you run a website, it is important to understand what web servers are, how they operate, and what role they play in delivering your website content to site visitors. It's possible you've never thought about what happens when you enter a URL into your computer's browser or click on a website found in a search result. In fact, you may just think that when websites appear on your computer screen, it is the result of some kind of technological magic. And for the most part, this is okay if you are a casual internet user who enjoys simply browsing and finding information that interests you. This knowledge will help you have a better understanding of how your site's data is delivered to site visitors and even help you choose the right web hosting company to store all of your site's data. Web servers are programs that use HTTP Hypertext Transfer Protocol to serve the files that form web pages, such as the ones that make up your website, to site visitors when they click on your site or enter your site's URL into their web browser. They can deliver the same files, or different ones, to hundreds of site visitors at any given time. They are also a part of a larger web of programs that help serve emails, download File Transfer Protocol FTP files, and build and publish web pages such as the ones you have on your site. Servers typically run on one of two operating systems , Linux or Microsoft Windows.
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A web hosting service often shortened to web host is a type of Internet hosting service that allows individuals and organizations to make their website accessible via the World Wide Web. Web hosts are companies that provide space on a server owned or leased for use by clients, as well as providing Internet connectivity, typically in a data center. Web hosts can also provide data center space and connectivity to the Internet for other servers located in their data center, called colocation , also known as housing in Latin America or France. Until , the Internet was restricted to use only "